Health Promotion Study

  • Funding Source: National Institue for Child Health and Human Development
  • Principal Investigators:
    • Daniel Shaw
    • Ronald Dahl
      • Co-investigators
        • Anne Gill
        • Dana Rofey
        • Tina Goldstein
      • Consultatnts
        • Thomas Dishion
        • Allison Harvey
        • Melanie Gold
        • John Jakicic

The overarching goal of this project was to examine the short- and long-term health effects of a set of interventions focusing on three inter-related regulatory systems: sleep, physical activity, and emotion. The intervention targeted youth at high risk for behavioral and emotional problems during the transition to adolescence, a critical time in the development of habits, skills, and proclivities in these domains. Participants included 165 10-13 year-old children recruited in pediatric clinics serving low-income families in the Pittsburgh area. Families were randomly assigned to control and intervention groups. Following baseline assessments of sleep, physical activity, and emotion regulation, follow-up assessments were carried out one and two years later, with those in the intervention group also receiving a second dose of the adapted version of the Family Check-Up one year after the initial assessment and intervention. Results indicated modest support for this adaptation of the Family Check-Up to result in better sleep quality and emotion regulation skills for those youth in the intervention group, with those in the intervention group also showing significant decreases in antisocial behavior at follow-up.